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Top 10 Programming Languages

by MH RISHAD - 12 Dec 2021
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Well, you don’t have to worry anymore… We’ve put together this list of the top 10 programming languages of the future.

1. JavaScript

The number one language to be utilized (to keep being utilized), JavaScript is a high-level, multi-paradigm dynamic programming language that will remain the most popular in the world for many more years.

Mainly it is used for developing interactive and feature-rich web applications but can also be utilized for creating other software that runs anywhere: servers, browsers, mobile devices, micro-controllers, etc.

2. Python

Being the most learned at the moment, Python will soon increase its utilization popularity as well. Due to elegant and simple syntax, it is considered to be the easiest language to learn and is used for teaching programming.

It is widely used for machine learning (ML), deep learning (DL), data science as well as for mathematics, statistics, computational science. Being both simple and powerful, Python allows streamlining the development process of robust applications: web or mobile.

3. PHP

Having a large open-source community and being widely used by the industry giants like Facebook or WordPress, PHP remains on-demand even though its popularity slowly decreases.

It is a general-purpose dynamic scripting language that was created for building dynamic web applications. Later the functionality of PHP expanded but it is still mainly used for web software development while constantly losing its positions to JavaScript.

Despite the competition from different server-side environments like Node.js and Python, PHP remains the star of the sector. And the credit of this popularity goes to the frameworks that make it a perfect fit for scalable and robust app development and the fact that 83% of websites on the Internet are based on this backend programming language.

4. Swift

 

Swift has not only become the preferred language for iOS development, superseding Objective-C but has also emerged as a trending programming language 2020 with a steep rise in its popularity as noted in the Google Trends graph below.Introduced back in WWDC 2014, Swift programming language is faster, easy to learn, secure, and has various other features that make it a perfect language for developing apps for iPhones, iPads, and macOS. Due to such features, it is considered as a highly efficient and flexible language.

5. R

R programming language is one of the most commonly used programming languages for Data Analysis and Machine Learning.

R provides an excellent framework and built-in libraries to develop powerful Machine Learning algorithms. R is also used for general statistical computing as well as graphics. R has been well adopted by enterprises.

Those who wish to join “Analytics” team of a large organization should definitely learn R.

6. Java

Despite similar names, Java has little in common with JavaScript.

It is an object-oriented, interpreted programming language that was the first one allowing you to write the code once and run it anywhere.

This language can be used for the development of applications of all sizes both web and mobile as well as for developing enterprise-level applications and working with Big Data.

7. Go

Go programming language has also made its entrance into the list of 2020’s top programming languages.

The language, with its concise and easy-to-embrace syntax and faster compilation characteristics, has not just become the favourite of SoundCloud, Google, Netflix, and other such popular brands. But, it has also proven to be one of the best options to get higher salaries.

8. C++

C++ appeared as an improved version of the C language introducing object-oriented features.

It offers a lot of compilers and libraries to build powerful and reliable solutions that can handle high performance and rich functionality. C++ easily adapts to ecosystem or hardware changes and is a perfect option for cloud computing as well as for game development.

It is also one of the most difficult languages to learn.

9. C#

Developed by Microsoft, C# is a general, flexible, and open-source, object-oriented programming (OOP) language. It is primarily used for backend development, game development, web/desktop applications, and mobile application development for Windows phones. It runs on the .NET framework.

C# is widely preferred thanks to its ease-of-use and well-built architecture. It has a dedicated .NET Core machine learning platform – ML.NET – to cater to Machine Learning development needs. There’s also Accord.NET and ML-Agents that allows .NET developers to develop unique ML applications. 

10. Typescript

TypeScript, a super-set of JavaScript is an object-oriented language that was introduced to extend the capabilities of JS.

The language makes it easy for developers to write and maintain codes. TypeScript offers a complete description of each component of the code and can be used for developing large applications with a strict syntax and fewer errors.

Further, it is well-structured and easy to learn. Its extended toolbox makes application development quick. Owing to the benefits it offers, TypeScript is expected to supersede JS in 2020, making it one of the most sought-after programming languages in the future.

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