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Margins of CSS

by MH RISHAD - 05 May 2020
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CSS margin properties are used to create space around elements, outside of any defined borders.

With CSS, you have full control over the margins. There are properties for setting the margin for each side of an element (top, right, bottom, and left).


Margin - Individual Sides

CSS has properties for specifying the margin for each side of an element:

  • margin-top
  • margin-right
  • margin-bottom
  • margin-left

All the margin properties can have the following values:

  1. auto - the browser calculates the margin
  2. length - specifies a margin in px, pt, cm, etc.
  3. % - specifies a margin in % of the width of the containing element
  4. inherit - specifies that the margin should be inherited from the parent element

Tip: Negative values are allowed.

Example

Set different margins for all four sides of a <p> element:

p {
  margin-top: 100px;
  margin-bottom: 100px;
  margin-right: 150px;
  margin-left: 80px;
}

 


Margin - Shorthand Property

To shorten the code, it is possible to specify all the margin properties in one property.

The margin property is a shorthand property for the following individual margin properties:

  • margin-top
  • margin-right
  • margin-bottom
  • margin-left

So, here is how it works:

If the margin property has four values:

  1. margin: 25px 50px 75px 100px;
  2. top margin is 25px
  3. right margin is 50px
  4. bottom margin is 75px
  5. left margin is 100px

Example

Use the margin shorthand property with four values:

p {
  margin: 25px 50px 75px 100px;
}
 

If the margin property has three values:

  1. margin: 25px 50px 75px;
  2. top margin is 25px
  3. right and left margins are 50px
  4. bottom margin is 75px

Example

Use the margin shorthand property with three values: 

p {
  margin: 25px 50px 75px;
}

If the margin property has two values:

  1. margin: 30px 60px;
  2. top and bottom margins are 30px
  3. right and left margins are 60px

Example

Use the margin shorthand property with two values: 

p {
  margin: 30px 60px;
}
 

If the margin property has one value:

  1. margin: 30px;
  2. all four margins are 30px

Example

Use the margin shorthand property with one value: 

p {
  margin: 30px;
}

 


The auto Value

You can set the margin property to auto to horizontally center the element within its container.

The element will then take up the specified width, and the remaining space will be split equally between the left and right margins.

Example

Use margin: auto:

div {
  width: 400px;
  margin: auto;
  border: 1px solid green;
}

The inherit Value

This example lets the left margin of the <p class="ex1"> element be inherited from the parent element (<div>):

Example
Use of the inherit value:
div {
  border: 1px solid red;
  margin-left: 100px;
}

p.ex1 {
  margin-left: inherit;
}
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